Bulimia, also called bulimia nervosa, as an eating disorder that is potentially dangerous. And eating pattern of binging followed by purging or excessive exercise are the main characteristics of bulimia. Bulimia is a potentially dangerous condition.
There are both physical and psychological effects of bulimia. The psychological effects of bulimia include depression, anxiety, shame, and low self-esteem. Perfectionism and being overly critical of oneself are common characteristics of people with bulimia.
Many people with bulimia struggle with a fear of gaining weight. Another psychological effect of bulimia is an increased risk of suicide and suicide attempts.
Bulimia can cause problems for the person’s digestive system. People with bulimia often suffer from stomach pain and ulcers. The person may also have abdominal cramping, constipation, diarrhea, and bloating. The person may develop acid reflux disease. Bulimia can cause a buildup of fluid in the intestines.
If the person with bulimia is inducing vomiting, the physical effects of bulimia can include frequent sore throats, swelling and soreness of the cheeks, cavities, discoloration of the teeth, and tooth sensitivity. The changes in the teeth are due to go erosion from exposure to stomach acid while vomiting.
After history of inducing vomiting, the esophagus is at risk of rupturing or tearing. The salivary glands often become sore and swollen.
A person with bulimia who uses their fingers to induce vomiting can have dry skin or abrasions on their fingers. They induced vomiting can cause the tiny blood vessels in the eyes to rupture. Women with bulimia may have instructions in their menstruation cycles.
Two common effects of bulimia are anemia and fatigue. The person may be frequently dehydrated and may develop potentially dangerous electrolyte imbalances. A decreased sex drive is an effect of bulimia. Because of the potentially fatal effects of bulimia, it is important for someone with bulimia to seek professional therapy to overcome this eating disorder.
The cardiovascular system can be negatively affected by bulimia. Bulimia can cause an irregular heartbeat, weakened heart muscle, and low blood pressure. A possible effect of bulimia is heart failure.
Someone with bulimia may have periods of weight gain and weight loss. The person with bulimia may experience some dizziness and swelling of the hands and feet.